India's religious tolerance has made
lots of religion flourish. The religious centers of Islam (or Islam mosque) are not only a
place of worship, but a center of learning too. There are tombs such as Taj
Mahal that showcases the depth of undying love and Mughal Emperor Humayun's
Tomb, which is considered the most perfectly planned octagonal building in
the history of Indian Islamic mosque architecture.
Agra and Fatehpur Sikri are not mere rich legacies of Mughal History, they
are the finest examples of Muslim mosque architecture, which combined both Hindu and
Muslim elements in it. The remains of seven cities in Delhi include the
remnants of Shahjhanabad and Qutub Minar, which are worth a visit. Lucknow
and Hyderabad's Nawabi legacy is still lurking in the monuments such a Bada
Imambara and Charminar.
Famous Islamic Mosques In India
- Jama Masjid,
Jama Masjid is one of the largest and grand mosque in India and the final
architectural extravagance of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It's also
known as 'Masjid-i-Jahan Numa', 'Jahan' means 'World' and Numa means
'Visible'. It is situated some quarter of a mile from the Red Fort.
It was designed as Emperor Shahjahan's principal mosque. The
sprawling esplanade, which separates it from the arterial road is a
fascinating leisure ground.
A Religious Masterpiece
The construction work continued for six years, ending in 1644. The
structure was placed on a high platform so that its magnificent
facade would be visible from all the adjoining areas. It's an
austere, yet, a beautiful building. Just like other buildings of
Shahjahanabad, this one was also built with red sandstone. White
marble has also been used extensively, specially in the three domes
and has been inlaid with stripes of black.
Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the culmination of Hindu and
Muslim architecture. Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of
the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian &
Fatehpur Sikri is one of the finest examples of Mughal
architectural splendour at its height. Though the city is in ruins,
it is a place to visit if one comes to Agra. But in real terms
Fatehpur Sikri is a place where one should spend some time. The
sunset over the ruins is sight to cherish.
- Ajmer Sharif
The shrine is considered to be a place of wish fulfillment for
those who pray with devout and pure hearts. It is said that Emperor
Akbar sought blessings for his son at the Dargah. That is the main reason that today Ajmer Sharif is one of the great mosque of India. Also being one of the most famous muslim mosque of the country.
- Haji Ali
This mosque was built in the middle of the sea with only a narrow
path leading to it giving it an ethereal look. As per the Muslim
traditions separate praying rooms for ladies and gents are provided
here to pay their respects. Today everyday approx thousands of people come to Haji Ali.
- Babri Mosque
Located in the Ayodhya city in Uttar Pradesh, Babri Masjid is one of the most controversial islamic mosque of the country. Built in the year 1527 Babri masjid was constructed during the reign of Babur, the first Mughal ruler of India. It is believed that the site where this mosque is built was the same place where Lord Rama was born and it was Babur who destroyed the Ram temple to construct this mosque.
- Hamayun Tomb
The lofty mausoleum is located in the centre of the enclosure and
rises from a podium faced with series of cells with arched openings.
The central octagonal chamber containing the cenotaph is encompassed
by octagonal chambers at the diagonals and arched lobbies on the
sides, their openings closed with perforated screens. It is also believed that Taj Mahal is designed just like the Humayun's tomb. Today the mosque architecture of the tomb is considered one of the best.
- Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is not just a fine specimen of beautiful art and
excellent architecture, but a memorial of love and faith. It is a
sublime experience of the greatest love story ever told. From
studied awe to sheer ecstasy, people have literally competed to say
the most beautiful things about the Taj Mahal. Some have admired its
beauty; others have revealed the various activities that took place
Shah Jahan's own composition in praise of the Taj is found in
Badshah Nama: "...The sight of this mansion creates
sorrowing sighs and makes sun and moon shed tears from their eyes/In
this world this edifice has been made/ to display thereby the
- Qutub Minar
In 1199, Qutub-ud-Din raised the Qutub Minar either as a victory
tower or as a minaret to the adjacent mosque. From a base of 14.32m
it tapers to 2.75m at a height of 72.5m and a valid reason why it
took two decades to complete this monument.
Its a red sandstone tower covered with beautiful and striking
carvings and is inscribed with verses from the holy Quran. Qutub
Minar is still the highest stone tower in India as well as one of
the finest Islamic structures ever raised and Delhi's recognised
landmark. The sultan's successor and son-in-law, Iltutmish,
The most popular landmark of the city of Hyderabad is the
Charminar, a historic monument with four graceful minarets. Built
two years after the founding of the Hyderabad to mark the end of an
epidemic in the city, it is often referred as the Arc of Triumph of
A famous excursion of Agra city, is a glorious introduction to the
city of Mughal wonders, Sikandra, the site of Akbar's Musoleum.
Started by Akbar and completed by his son Jehangir in 1613 AD,
Sikandra is an expression of a man's desire for serenity and
- Bada Imambara
Also called the Asafai Imambara this huge and elegant building is
almost built like a fort. Nawab Asaf-ud-Daulla built this building
in a famine relief program in 1784.
- Chota Imambara
The third Nawab of Avadh, Muhammad Ali Shah built this imposing
structure of Chota Imambara in 1840. The real name of this structure
is Husainabad Imambada.