Where is Mathura
||3780 sq. km.
4,55,251 - (1991 census)
above sea level
English and Brajbhasha
||Vrindavan, ISKCON Temple
: Uttar Pradesh
The city of Mathura Uttar Pradesh,
the nucleus of Brajbhoomi, is located at a distance of 145 km south-east of
Delhi and 58 km north-west of Agra. Covering an area of about 3,800 sq. km.,
today, Brajbhoomi can be divided into two distinct units - the eastern part
in the trans-Yamuna tract with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and
Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna
covering the Mathura region that
encompasses Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon.
The land of Braj starts from Kotban near Hodel about 95 km from Delhi and
ends at Runakuta which is known specially for its association with the poet
Surdas, an ardent Krishna devotee. A long line of picturesque ghats - with
their steps leading to the water's edge, arched gateways and temple spires
extending along the right bank of the River Yamuna, emphasise the sacred
character of the town of Mathura. The birth place of Lord Krishna, "the
best known, best loved and most complex of Lord Vishnu's
- Mathura is today an important place of pilgrimage.
Mathura Temple Timings
Summer: Darshan is 9 am to 12 noon and 6 to 10 pm.
Winter: Darshan is 10 am to 12.30 pm and 6 to 9 pm
The city of Mathura is located in the western part of the state of Uttar
Pradesh, in the northern region of India. It is a part of the great northern
plains and is situated on the west bank of the river Yamuna. Mathura is 141
km south of Delhi and 47 km northwest of Agra. The climate of Mathura is
extreme and tropical. Summers are extremely hot and winters are cold and
foggy. It experiences southwestern monsoon rains from July to September.
Brij Culture in Mathura
According to the Bhagwat Purana, Shri Krishna along with the gopis had
danced the Raas on the banks of the Yamuna at Vrindavan. When the gopis felt
conceited about Lord Krishna dancing with them, he disappeared from their
midst. In the agony of separation from their beloved Krishna
, the gopis
recalled and enacted his lilas (divine episodes of his life) which in course
of time came to be known as the Raaslilas. The Raaslila in its present form
is ascribed to Swami Haridas and Shri Narayan Bhatt. Only young Brahmin boys
of 13 to 14 years of age can perform the Raaslila. The charming childhood
pranks of Shri Krishna constitute the main them of these dramas.
An ancient city whose origins fade into the mists of history, Mathura's
strategic location at the cross roads of various trade routes - that went
westwards to West Asia and the Roman Empire; northwards, via Taxila,
Pushkalavati and Purushapur to Central Asia and the Silk Route and eastwards
to China - ensured its position as a centre of trade and a meeting point for
LORD Krishna Mathura is also knows as Brij Bhoomi - On trip to Mathura discover land where Shri Krishna was born and spent his youth. It is an important pilgrim place of the Hindus and one of the seven sacred cities in India. The main pilgrim center in Mathura is the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple. Krishna is the Supreme Person. Lord Krishna appeared over five thousand years ago in Mathura, India to Devaki and Vasudeva in the jail cell of the tyrant Kansa. The place of His birth is known as Sri Krishna Janmasthana.
By the fifth century BC, during the time of Buddha, it was a major
metropolis and the capital of the Surasena Kingdom - one of the 16
Mahajanapadas of the period. Mathura saw its `golden age' during the rule of
the Kushanas and the able governance of rulers like Kanishka, Huvishka, and
Vasishka, when the arts flourished and economic wealth grew. It remained a
centre of power during the Mauryan period, through the enlightened rule of
Emperor Ashoka (3rd century BC) to the Gupta era (4th century AD).
Attractions of Sri Krishna Mathura - Holi
Holi is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna
(Feb-March). Holi in Braja is celebrated for several days, at different
places around Braja, before the actual day of Holi.
People throw colored powdered dye and colored water on each other. This is
joyfully celebrated in Braja, especially at Varsana, Nandagram and Dauji. In
Varsana the festival includes colorful processions with music, song, dance,
and some boisterous scenes around the temples. If you go to these festivals
you should expect to be totally covered in dye and never to be able to use
the clothes that you are wearing again, at least until next year's festival.
This is celebrated at the same time as Gaura Purnima.
Varsana Groups of visitors go around in small and large groups here. In the
afternoon gopas (men) from Nandagram come to Varsana and play Holi with the
local gopis (women) of Varsana. The women hit the men hard with 2 ½m
(7ft) long bamboo staffs. The men have shields which they protect themselves
with. During this time local songs are sung. This festival is celebrated on
the ninth day of the month of Phalguna (Feb-March).
Nandagram The day after the Holi festival at Varsana, Holi is celebrated in
Nandagram. The gopas (men) from Varsana come to Nandagram to play Holi with
the gopis (women) there. The flag of the Larily Lal Temple in Varsana is
carried in an elaborate procession to Nandagram. At this time the residents
of Nandagram attempt to capture the flag, but their attempts are foiled.
After this, women play Holi with bamboo staffs. This festival is celebrated
on the tenth day (dasami) of the month of Phalguna (Feb-March).
Phalen On the full moon night in Feb/March a huge bon-fire is burned. One
of the local priests walks through the fire unscathed. One story about Holi
is that Prahlada Maharaja refused to worship his father and wanted to
worship his father's enemy, Lord Vishnu instead. His father's sister Holika,
who was immune to being burned, sat with the boy in a big fire. Prahlada's
devotion was so great that Holika was burnt to death and Prahlada was
unharmed. The Holi festival at Phalen re-enacts this event.
How to Reach
The new bus stand is located near Hotel Mansarovar Palace. Bus service from
Mathura to Delhi (3½ hours) and Agra (1½ hour) is very good. The
old bus stand no longer serves local destinations, but there a few buses to
Agra. Mathura railway station is located south of the new bus stand. Mathura
is well connected by train with Agra (1 hour), Bharatpur, Sawai Madhopur and
Kota. The Taj Express runs daily between Matura to Delhi (2½ hours). There are regular buses available from Delhi to Mathura. Distance Delhi Mathura is 147 Kilometers / 91 Miles. You can also contact us for Mathura Hotels booking.
Travelers can make use of auto-rickshaws and cycle-rickshaws to move around
the city. Tempos ply back and forth on the 10-km stretch between Mathura and
Vrindavan. One can also take auto-rickshaw to Vrindavan from Mathura.